Friday, May 25, 2018

May 25 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1622 - The first English vessel to visit Oz was the Tryall, an East India Company-owned East Indiaman under the command of John Brooke who sighted Point Cloates before later on this day wrecking on Tryal Rocks, off the northwest coast of Australia. The crew remained on the Monte Bello Islands for 7 days, during that time sighting Barrow Island, before sailing to Batavia in a longboat. The Tryall is Australia's oldest known shipwreck

1768 - Captain Jimmy Cook set out for a jaunty sail on a bath tub named Endeavour which took him to the Great Southern Land.

1815 - William Steel was hanged at Hobart Town for bushranging.

1816 -  Macquarie awarded a gorget to Nurragingy or Creek Jemmy, inscribed ‘Chief of the South Creek Tribe’. This was the second gorget given by Macquarie.
Macquarie promised Nurragingy and Colebee a joint grant of 30 acres at South Creek (now Blacktown).

1825 - The Sydney Turf Club had the gee-gees running for the first time at Bellevue Hill.

1829 - James Naughton was hanged at Sydney Gaol for the murder of Elizabeth Watson. He was previously charged, with Edward Gorman, with murder in 1823.

1834 - John Tebbutt, astronomer, him wot discovered the Great Comet of 1861, was pupped at Windsor, New South Wales.

1836 - Gov Bourke sent a short-ish note to Baron Glenelg, Secretary of State, to report on this new settlement he called Bearbrass. There were 13 buildings, 142 blokes, 35 chickybabes, 26,900 woolly-backs (sheep for those not paying attention) , 57 neddies (horses), 100 beef on the hoof (you can probably figure that one out for yourself).

1839 - Letters were delivered to residents in Adelaide for the first time. Prior to this they had to front up to a tent/shop/horse/mud puddle to collect their snail mail.

1841 - Charles Cannon was hanged at Bathurst for the murder of Robert Bulmer at Cherry Tree Hill, near Carcoar.

1842 - Captain John Armstrong of the 99th regt. was appointed magistrate of the territory and assistant engineer at Newcatle stockade.

1847 - Joseph Wild, bushman and constable, was the first to be buried in Bong Bong cemetery. He was illiterate but played a large part in the colony's expansion into the interior as one of those who came to terms with the bush and without whose assistance the task of the more famous explorers would have been much greater

1860 - John Mackay's expedition party reached the coast of Mackay having traversed the Pioneer Valley.

1868 - The Aboriginal Cricket Team began playing their 47 matches in England, with all-rounder Johnny Mullagh playing in 45 matches.

1870 - Bushranger Captain Thunderbolt was allegedly shot dead near Uralla by Constable A.B. Walker. Much evidence, along with eye witness statements at the time, prove otherwise.

1871 - Lordy, those who had more money than sense began playing with it and plying it about the traps when the Sydney Stock Exchange was established.
Coincidence we went into a depression in the 1890s?
Good to see some traditions haven't changed.

1881 - A Small Pox epidemic - yeah, that's one nasty that has been eradicated due to sensible parenting and vaccinations - swept through The Rocks like a dose of salts from today for the following 9 months, causing 178 cases to be quarantined and 40 deaths.

1903 - The Hattah to Nowingi Railway line (Vic) opened.

1906 - 705 public servants, obviously with nothing better to do, petitioned the State Premier to let them nick off from work an hour earlier at 4.30pm.

1914 - The Canberra Railway Branch (ACT) was opened.

1921 - Today saw an amalgamation 0f Ballarat East and West.

1922 - Syd Heylen, forever known as Cookie from A Country Practice, was pupped.

1931 - Leopards never change their spots.
The Premier's Conference on this day vowed to increase tax, decrease wages, pensions and interest rates.

1939 - Aussie artists Sir William Dobell began to teach part time at East Sydney Technical College.

1947 - Rupert Charles Wulsten Bunny, wonderful St. Kilda-born artist, died in Melbourne.

1947 - Australia joined the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank).

1949 - Horsham, in western Victoria, suddenly topped being a village or a town overnight and was proclaimed a City!

1953 - The Leopards with consistent spots closed the Yarram to Woodside Railway Line (Vic).

1954 - The Wangi Power Station Railway Branch Line (NSW) was opened.

1966 - PM Harold Holt announced the death of Pvt Errol Wayne Noack, 21, the first National Service conscript to be killed in Vietnam.

1969 - Bullen's Circus gave its final performance at Parramatta.

1975 - The Courier Mail reported Coronation House, an ‘ageing’ five-storey building in Edward Street, Brisbane had been suggested as ‘a community youth centre with art as the main interest’. It went on to become the The Brisbane Community Arts Centre.

1987 - Acting Premier Bill Gunn appointed Tony Fitzgerald QC as a commissioner of inquiry into allegations about the Queensland Police Force.

1991 – The state election in New South Wales produced a hung parliament. Nick Greiner managed to form a minority government with the support of four Independent MPs.

1995 - The Full Bench of the Employee Relations Commission in Victoria proposed a multi-tiered wage system for Victorian workers under the state system.

1997 - Jurisdiction of the Industrial Relations Court of Australia was transferred to the Federal Court of Australia.

2002 - Stadium Australia hosted its first AFL match, Sydney v Essendon attracting 54,129 spectators (record match attendance outside Victoria).

2004 - Jetstar began bounding about the wide blue yonder with it's first flight from Newcastle to Melbourne and then onto to Launceston.

2005 - The Late, Great and irreplaceable Graham Kennedy exited the studio for good.

2006 - PM John Howard increased Australia’s contingent to Timor-Leste to some 1,300 troops. 500 Malaysians and troops from New Zealand and Portugal were also deployed.

2010 - : A 31-year-old Zimbabwean-born Australian citizen, who worked as a circus performer, appeared in a Sydney court for an extradition hearing to appear in a Queensland Court facing two charges relating to knowingly transmitting a serious disease. The man had been HIV-positive since 1997.

2012 - A long-running joust to host a radio telescope, the Square Kilometer Array, that would give mankind its farthest peek into the Universe ended with a Solomon-like judgement to split the site between two groups, Australia and New Zealand and South Africa.

Thursday, May 24, 2018

May 24 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1770 - Captain Cooks first landing in Queensland (and second in Australia) at Bustard Bay.
Cook, Banks and Solander spied many pelicans and, on the shore, a species of bustard, one of which was shot. They considered it the best bird they had et since leaving England, and in honour of the poor roasted bird they called the inlet Bustard Bay. The crew caught fish and harvested oysters from the rocks and around the mangroves.
Although the party did not make contact with any Aborigines they did find campsites, fires and artefacts. However members of the Endeavour's crew who had remained aboard the vessel observed about twenty members of the Meerooni tribe on the beach.

1804 - Bungaree escorted six Aboriginal people who have been visiting Sydney back to the Hunter River in the ship Resource.

1805 - Billy Bligh was given the job of 4th Guv of NSW, just to keep him off ships and away from water for awhile.

1841 - Gas lighting was lit for the first time in Oz, for Queen Vicky's birthday, when the streets of Sydney were bathed in the oh so romantic but what a biatch to read by gas lights. Queen Vicky was mildly amused.

1845 - The Maitland Mercury reported ;
Sydney Cab Men.-These men have become most notorious for the robbery of their passengers. One man was committed by the Sydney police bench last week to take his trial for robbing a seaman of £7, who had taken his cab along with a messmate for the purpose of having a spree, and, getting intoxicated, they were robbed.

1849 - The foundation stone of St Peter's College, Adelaide, two blocks from the old city bridge, was laid by Bishop Augustus Short.

1859 - First Australian Trades' Hall opened at Melbourne.

1865 - The brand spanking new FitzRoy ironworks furnace at Mittagong was officially fired up and the Iron Works directors marked the occasion by slapping down the foundation stone for the Wesleyan (Uniting) church and by releasing the first lots of the New Sheffield sub-division. A luncheon for over 300 guests completed the celebrations.

1865 - The foundation stone of St George's Uniting Church, Eden was laid by Mrs. Barclay.

1866 - St George's Uniting Church at Eden, probably one of the oldest continuously operating churches in Australia, was opened by Rev. John Dunmore Lang on land bequeathed by George Barclay to the Presbyterian Church, whose congregations, formally known as St. Andrew's Presbyterian Congregation had been meeting since 1859 in the Eden Court House.

1869 - JWO Bennett was speared by Aborigines; he died and was buried on top of Fort Hill later being moved to the Pioneers Section of the General Cemetery, Darwin.

1870 – Port Adelaide Football Club played their first match.

1878 - Mary Grant Bruce, that brilliant children's author who should be better appreciated, was found in the petunia patch in Sale, Gippsland.

1878 - Freeman Cobb, who founded the coach line Cobb & Co, popped his clogs in South Africa.

1884 - Thomas Stoddart presented 12 white marble statues to adorn the public gardens of Ballarat, which were unveiled today.While visiting a sculptors’ studio in Italy, Thomas Stoddart saw classical statues being made for the gardens in Genoa. He thought, “Why should not the gardens at Ballarat be similarly adorned?” On impulse he ordered a dozen on the spot. The sculptures are three-quarter human size and depict deities from the realms of Greek and Roman mythology. It was the intention of the donor that the statues would cultivate a love for the beautiful in the hearts of the young people of the district.

1889 - The Wallace Statue was officially unveiled. James Russell Thomson was a Scottish miner who made his fortune from goldmining. At his death he left 3000 pounds for statues at the Gardens. Sir William `Braveheart` Wallace was chosen as a tribute to Thomson`s birthplace.

1900 - The Queen Victoria Statue was commissioned by the citizens of Ballarat in 1897 to commemorates Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee and was unveiled on the Queen's Birthday, 24 May 1900, by the Lieutenant Governor Sir John Madden before some 20,000 people. The cost of 2,300 pounds had been raised by public subscription.

1902 - The formal opening of the Queen's Victoria Hospital in Adelaide was held on this day, Queen Victoria's birthday, before 500 invited guests and another 1000 people who paid sixpence each for admission.

1902 - A drinking fountain commemorating Queen Victoria was unveiled by the Federal Attorney-General and Acting Prime Minister the Honourable Alfred Deakin at Ballarat.

1905 - Empire Day was introduced, celebrated on the dead Queen Vicky's birthday. Aussie schoolkids would rush home on the half holiday to build the bonfire to have that night with fireworks going off madly.  It remained a public holiday until 1958. This jocularity was outlawed by the Fun Police in 1965. The Aussie kids finally agreed with Queen Vicky and were not amused.

1915 - A formal truce was declared at Gallipoli where the Turkish were able to bury their dead.
" But the band played Waltzing Matilda
As we stopped to bury our slain.
We buried ours and the Turks buried theirs...
Then we started all over again...."

1917 - Les Darcy, Aussie champion "blacksmith boxer" and world middle weight champion, and spunky looking eye candy that made the gals swoon and drool, died of pneumonia in Memphis, Tennessee.

1927 - A story appeared in the Mt Gambier-based Border Watch, claiming a bottle with the words ‘Shackleton Glacier, 22 June 1912’ and eight names engraved on it, was found on Tuggerah Beach in New South Wales (NSW) by a local resident, George Bressington.

1927 - Another story appeared in the Barrier Miner in Broken Hill, and claimed that the bottle was picked out by a worker at the NSW bottle works in Ultimo, Sydney, and handed to his supervisor, George Bressington, in 1917, telling him it had come from an unknown boat. 

1930 - Amy Johnson arrived in Darwin. She becomes the first female aviator to conquer the London to Darwin solo flight.

1935 - Construction on the cantilever Story Bridge in Brisvgas began.

1947 - The Woronora Cemetery Railway Line (NSW) was closed.

1947 - The Centralian Advocate was first published in Alice Springs.

1958 - Empire Day became Commonwealth Day and was no longer celebrated as a public holiday. This anniversary of Queen Victoria’s birthday had been a public holiday since 1905.

1960 – The Parliament of Victoria authorised Totalizator Agency Boards with the intention to stamp out starting price (SP) betting.

1962 - The Minister for Defence (Reginald Townley) announced intention to send 30 army advisers to South Vietnam (SVN).

1965 - Advance party from 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR), departed for South Vietnam, for service with the US 173rd Airborne Division.

1966 - 5 RAR deployed by helicopter from 1ATF concentration area at Vung Tau to secure the Task Force area at Nui Dat. Private Errol Noack became the first national serviceman and member of 1ATF to die from enemy action.

1968 - Official visit to Victorian Parliament by Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of the Republic of India.

1969 – Keith Payne was the last Australian soldier awarded a Victoria Cross for bravery during the Vietnam War.

1971 - Senator Neville Bonner became the first Aboriginal parliamentarian. He was nominated by the Queensland Liberal Party for a vacant Senate seat. Indigenous people were included in the national census for the first time in 1971, following the 1967 amendment to the Constitution.

1974 - Martin Smith’s Gay Pride Week trial was held at Central Criminal Court, Liverpool Street.

1978 - Introduction of Queensland Legal Aid Bill by Minister for Justice Mr Lickiss, who said,
"The general principles behind the concept of legal aid are that all people have the right to legal representation and other legal services; and that no-one should be denied justice merely because they are unable to afford the services they need."

1980 - QEII and Phil The Not-So-Gardening Greek beamed down from the mothership for the official opening of the High Court building in Canberra.

1987 - O'Loughlin Catholic College in Darwin was officially opened.

1988 - The SGMG Association AGM was held. The new Committee was Jack Allen, Anthony Babicci, Colin Fawcett, Celia Hutton, Christoper Jarvis, Panos Kouros, Peter MacDonnell, Murray McLachlan, Kimberley O’Sullivan, Catherine Phillips, David Ryan, Anthony Sleiman, Richard Wherrett and David Wilkins.

1991 - Members of ACT-UP staged an action in Pitt Street Mall, followed by a short sit-in in Market Street.

1994 - During the Cannonball Run in the NT in one of the timed sections near Alice Springs, a Ferrari F40 crashed into a checkpost killing its occupants, the Japanese duo Akihiro Kabe and co-driver Okano (first name unknown) and two track officials, Tim Linklater and Keith Pritchard.

2006 - International peacekeepers and troops from Australia and New Zealand were headed to East Timor to help restore order after gunbattles between disgruntled ex-soldiers and the military killed two people and wounded nine.

2009 - In Australia thousands of homeowners remained isolated in the flood-hit northeast. Authorities said days of torrential rain had created a vast "inland sea."

2010 - Australia demanded that Israel withdraw an embassy official from the country, saying the Jewish state was behind fake Australian passports linked to the killing of a Hamas operative.

2011 -  It was reported that an unknown number of Australian soldiers and contractors might have been exposed to blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis or HIV after staff at Defence’s main hospital unit in the Middle East failed to sterilise surgical equipment properly. The breach of protocol at the al-Minhad air base continued for 19 months in 2009 and 2010 during heavy fighting and significant casualties for Australian troops, but soldiers were not alerted to the problem until last week.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

May 23 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1797 - Margaret Catchpole stole John Cobbold's coach gelding, and rode it seventy miles (113 km) to London in ten hours. She was caught and sentenced to death at Suffolk Summer Assizes. The sentence was commuted to transportation for seven years, but on 25 March 1800 Margaret escaped from Ipswich Gaol using a clothesline to scale the 22-foot (6.7 m) wall. Again her sentence was death, commuted this time to transportation for life.

1827 - Explorer Charles Sturt arrived at Sydney on the Mariner in charge of convicts for New South Wales.

1833 - William Jones was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1833 - Robert Mullins was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1833 - Patrick Nangle was hanged at Sydney for highway robbery on the Liverpool Road.

1854 - William Thoroughgood was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the rape of seven-year-old Sarah Bishop.

1861 - John Hailey was hanged at Launceston for the murder of William Wilson at Cullenswood.

1861 - John Chapman was hanged at Launceston for assault with intent to murder Daniel Webb at Avoca.

1861 - Patrick Maloney was hanged at Launceston for the murder of Richard Furlong at Evandale.

1865 - James Lynch was hanged at Campbell Street Gaol for rape of his ten-year-old step-daughter Cathy Nichols at Port Sorell.

1870 - Ah Pew was hanged at Castlemaine for the murder of nine-year-old Elizabeth Hunt at Glenluce, near Vaughan.

1883 - Adelaide, deciding they couldn't contain their exotic wildlife to government alone, established the Adelaide Zoo.

1883 - George Ruxbourne was hanged at Armidale for the murder of Jimmy Young at Armidale.

1889 - Louisa Lawson, that formidable mater of the poet Henry Lawson, founded the Dawn Club which became the central hub of woman's suffrage movement in Sydney.

1890 - Ballarat celebrated with Victoria Park Arbor Day planting.

1892 – Frederick Deeming was hanged at Melbourne Gaol having been unsuccessfully defended by the lawyer Alfred Deakin. Deeming was accused of committing a series of crimes on three continents—theft, perjury, fraud, bigamy and murder; he used at least 20 aliases.

1903 - An AFL (not that it was known as AFL at the time but we digress) Premiership match was played in Sydney at the SCG in front of a crowd of 20,000.
Fitzroy (7 goals 20 behinds 62)
Collingwood (6 goals 9 behinds  45)

1927 - Five Melbourne men fronted the beak (judge) in court to be fined for playing billiards on Anzac Day of that same year.

1943 - Vultee Vengeance A27-208 of 12 Squadron RAAF, made a force landing on Dum In Mirrie Island, Port Patterson, after an electrical fire on board. The crew was Sergeant John Sheehan and Sergeant Williams. The aircraft was not recovered.

1960 - Due to the 9.5 earthquake off the coast of Chile the previous day the effects of a tsunami were felt along the coastline of NSW, Vic, SA, WA, QLD and Tassie. Slight to moderate damage to boats in harbours at Evans Head, Newcastle, Sydney and Eden.

1969 - The Ricegrowers' Co-operative Mills Ltd. rice mill at Coleambally was opened.

1969 - Maxwell Newton, journalist, editor, publisher and brothel owner, wrote an ‘exposĂ©’ of the government, pursued Gorton over his private indiscretions and printed confidential Liberal Party advice to Gorton on the timetable and tactics for the planned 1968 election. He also reproduced diplomatic cables between France and Australia. On 23 May 1969 the Commonwealth Police raided his business in Deakin and ransacked his home; they also accessed his bank records. The Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory deemed the search warrant to be invalid, but the raid and other acts of harassment ‘broke him’; they turned Newton into a ‘junky’, his daughter stated, ‘hooked on Mandrax’.

1971 - Queenslander Neville Bonner was chosen by the Liberal Party to fill a casual Senate vacancy, becoming the first Aboriginal member of any Australian parliament.

1972 - The government approved the production of the Nomad aircraft.

1982 - The first Wheelchair Tennis Tournament was held at the Cumberland College of Health Sciences.

1985 - The Sandy Hollow - Gulgong Railway Line (NSW) was thrown open for train-related business.

1989 - An earthquake near Macquarie Island left the coastlines of NSW and Tassie washed and lathered from a tsunami.

1994 – Police arrested Belanglo State Forest serial killer Ivan Milat at his New South Wales home. Milat is later sentenced to life imprisonment.

1995 - The Victorian Premier, Jeff Kennett, launched Vicnet, the Government's new open-access community computer network, at Melbourne Central.

2000 - The Federal Court determined that native title rights and interests existed over the Alice Springs Telegraph Station Historical Reserve, excluding areas of public works as defined in section 253 of the Native Title Act 1993.

2007 - PM John Howard and his Greek counterpart Kostas Karamanlis sealed a deal which concluded a decades-long debate over pensions for one of the world's largest expatriate Greek communities.

2009 - Australia thousands more people in the flood-hit east were told to leave their homes as gale-force winds lashed the coast. Emergency services said up to 20,000 people had been cut off.

2012 - The annual index by Business Review Weekly said Australia's richest person, Gina Rinehart (58), has eclipsed Wal-Mart heiress Christy Walton to become the world's wealthiest woman. The index put the mining tycoon's personal fortune at Aus$29.17 billion (US$28.48 billion).

2013 - In Vietnam Nick Vujicic (32), an Australian evangelical preacher, spoke before some 25,000 at a soccer stadium in Hanoi. He was born with a rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four limbs. His book “Unstoppable: The Incredible Power of Faith in Action" was published in 2012. It was son translated into Vietnamese by Nguyen Bich Lan, who shares Vujicic’s situation of being born with the rare disorder called tetra-amelia syndrome.

2017 - The "Bullet Train for Australia" political party was deregistered.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

May 22 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1823 - William Poole was hanged at Sydney for returning from Port Macquarie in defiance of his commuted sentence. Originally sentenced to death for leading a party of convicts in escape into the hinterland, in the hope they could walk to Timor.

1824 - At the Newcastle Police Court  - William Moore, overseer of the mines. Charged with stolen property in his possession.
The Chief Constable stated - I received an information on Sunday that some of the property lately stolen from Mr. Henry Dangar was in the possession of Moore. I accordingly searched him and found the pair of worsted stockings now produced. I also searched his house but did not find anything that looked suspicious except a pair of duck trousers made in Kings canvas which I also brought away. Mr. Henry Dangar states.....I was robbed some time since of various articles of wearing apparel amongst which were some stockings. Those produced are of the same pattern with some I have by me. I have not any doubt but that they belong to me....The prisoner in his defence stated....I bought the stockings from James Usher for three shillings. I also got the trousers from John Thomas the sail maker. They are both free men and have lately been sent to Sydney....William Moore sentenced to sleep in barracks till further orders and to have his government man taken from him

1831 - Perhaps in response to earlier grievances, a group of Aborigines mounted an attack on the Johnsons' hut at Dairy Plains near Deloraine on this day while the mother (Aboriginal matriarch Dolly Dalrymple) was alone with her children. Armed with a musket, she held off the attack for six hours until help arrived. As a reward, the government granted her twenty acres (8 ha) of land at nearby Perth, where her husband Thomas Johnson erected a dwelling.

1833 - Midgegooroo was executed at the Perth Gaol by firing squad on a death warrant issued summarily by Lieutenant Governor Frederick Irwin, for the murders of Thomas and John Velvick at Bull's Creek.

1840 - An Order-in-Council was issued, removing New South Wales from the list of places to which convicts could be sent.
In lay persons words transportation of convicts was halted, ceased, desisted.

1851 - Those who would squeeze blood from a stone declared from the rooftops of NSW that any and all gold on both public and private property was ultimately owned by The Crown and should anyone have the urge to dig and delve they would be lightened of 30 shillings each month for the privilege.

1852 - James Barlow was hanged at Melbourne Gaol for murder by stabbing William Jones at a boarding house in Flinders Street, Melbourne.

1855 - Captain Sir Charles Hotham became the first Governor of Victoria under
( ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha, oh stop it, my sides are aching) Responsible Government.

1856 – First Parliament of New South Wales was opened by the governor, Sir William Denison.

1860 - The first parliament of Queensland opened.

1866 - First meeting of the Brisbane Football Club.

1870 - Serena Lake, evangelist and suffragist, held the first of her thirteen, crowded, Town Hall Sunday services in Adelaide, over 2000 listened to her sermon 'with breathless attention'; hundreds were turned away.

1876 - John Duffus was hanged at Castlemaine, having been handed in by his wife for the rape of his eleven-year-old daughter Mary Ann near Goornong.

1886 - Sin City aka Sydney probably let loose a tuppenny banger when the first cable tram trundled off from Milsons Point to Ridge Street.

1890 - The Waratah Bowling Club was formed.

1890  - The first form of flight ever in Brisvegas skies was claimed by a scantily dressed Valerie Van Tassel who made her first Brisbane ascent from the Exhibition Ground. Her balloon was some 6.5 metres in diameter and stitched from lengths of calico. She descended using a parachute, five metres across made from 'stout linen', to a spot near the old Brisbane Children's Hospital.

1891 - Royal Melbourne Golf Club was founded for those who like to belt the bejebus out of a small white ball.
Remember - golf spelt backwards is flog.

1901 - The Duke of Cornwall - who got a later gig as King George V - laid the foundation stone of Brisvegas' St John's Cathedral, and celebrated 100 years of construction in 2006.
Yes, tradies are as rare as hen's teeth.

1921 - A monster loyalty demonstration convened by the Mayor at the instigation of the local branch of the Returned Soldiers' Association, was held in the Railway Square at Quirindi.  Residents came
40 and 50 miles to participate. This was in response to disloyal persons who had flown the Red Flag in NSW.

1934 - Two newly installed guns test fired on East Point, Darwin.

1942 - Edward Joseph Leonski , US soldier and murderer aka The Brownout Strangler, was found by police at Camp Pell covered in mud from his third (and final) victim; he was arrested and charged with the three murders.

1950 The Williamstown Racecourse Railway line (Vic) was closed.

1960 - Due to a 9.5 earthquake off the coast of Chile the early effects of a minor tsunami were noted at Newcastle/Hunter River where  the State Dockyard reported a rise of 2ft 6in as the
maximum and the Maritime Services Board reported that the maximum change in tide was from 3ft to

1961 - An earthquake occurred in New South Wales, Australia. Reaching a Richter magnitude of 5.5 and causing significant structural damage in a wide area it was felt from the Snowy Mountains to Newcastle, Dubbo, and Narrandera. An estimated area of 50,000 square miles. In the area of Moss Vale, Robertson, and Bowral, the earthquake caused significant structural damage to buildings. While rockfalls blocked the Macquarie Pass. Sydney suffered minimal damage from the earthquake itself, though the tremors and resulting power failures caused "considerable alarm".

1967 - Robin Elizabeth Dicks, celebrated nurse and aviatrix, began a series of flights which took her to remote areas, many of them occupied by Aboriginal communities. Because the Sabin vaccine was administered on sugar cubes by a woman emerging alone from a small aircraft, Aboriginal children called her 'the tchooger bird lady'. 

1970 -  The ABC Board held a crisis meeting with Postmaster-General Alan Hulme over the controversial ABC budget cuts targetting ABC current affairs.

1979 - Two lesbians were acquitted of offensive behaviour. They were charged after kissing in Hyde Park.

1981 - The Gay Counselling Service began to have a doctor on the premises every Friday.

1984 - Decriminalisation of homosexuality in NSW.

1985 - Queensland Netball Association became incorporated.

1986 - A lesbian and gay caucus was formed in the Administrative and Clerical Officers Association (ACOA) NSW Branch.

1994 - 11,500 attended the annual AIDS Memorial Procession from Taylor Square to the Domain.

2006 - At an address at University College, Dublin Prime Minister Howard described the campaign for gay marriage as “minority fundamentalism” and said it was not discrimination to deny same-sex couples the right to marry to students.

2007 - Launch of Disabled Justice, Banco Court, Brisbane.

2011 - Metricon Stadium was officially opened in QLD.

2016 - The AFL Womens exhibition match between the Melbourne Demons and the Brisbane Lions at the Melbourne Cricket Ground was won by the Melbourne Demons by 71 points.
Melbourne Demans - 14.7 (91)
Brisbane Lions -  3.2 (20).

Monday, May 21, 2018

May 21 #OnThisDay in #Australian #History

1804 - James Bevan (known as 'Warminster') was hanged at Sydney for the rape of eight-year-old Elizabeth Douglas.

1814 - The Van Diemen's Land Gazette on this day listed John Pascoe  Fawkner as aiding and abetting the escape of seven prisoners. Fawkner and Santos, who was apparently the convicts' leader, were tried before three magistrates in August and each sentenced to 500 lashes and three years labour.

1836 - The Stirling Castle, under Captain James Fraser, bound from Sydney to Singapore was wrecked on Swain Reefs off the Queensland coast. In August news reached Moreton Bay that the captain's wife, Eliza Ann, and others of the ship's company were being held captive by Aboriginals. A rescue party that included John Graham, an escaped convict who had lived for six years with the Aborigines, brought her back to Brisbane in August.

1840 - Captain Hobson was feeling his oats on this day when he claimed British sovereignty over the whole of The Land Of The Long White Cloud (NZ for those uneducated yokels) even though the haggling, bartering and compromises weren't yet done with.

1842 - Henry (Harry) Power, bushranger, also known as Johnson, was transported for seven years for stealing a pair of shoes, and arrived at Hobart Town in the Isabella.

1851 - William Collins' application for publican's license for the Racehorse Inn at Maitland was refused by the Bench after Major Crummer examined the premises and found them too small.

1853 - William Blandowski ( leaving no stone unturned in his career as expeditionist, geologist, goldminer, inventor, natural history collector, naturalist, public servant, and zoologist ) asked Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe for an 'allowance' to enable him to complete his 'Illustrated Natural History of the Colony of Victoria'. Impressed by further correspondence La Trobe wrote to the colonial secretary that immediate steps should be taken to open a museum and stating that Blandowski was the 'most suitable person to employ'.

1856 - The world's first 8 hour working day was carved in stone by the marches and vocal noise of the stonemasons of Victoria.

1861 - William Landsborough was chosen by the Victorian and Queensland governments to lead a search for Robert O'Hara Burke and William Wills from the Gulf of Carpentaria southwards; when they  reached Williams's station on this day they learned that Burke and Wills had perished. With bulging tucker bags Landsborough continued his journey south and in October delivered the horses and gear to the authorities in Melbourne. He was fĂȘted as the first explorer to cross the continent from north to south.

1863 - Nathaniel Pepper, Aboriginal evangelist and teacher, at Ebenezer mission, near the Wimmera River married Rachel Warndekan, an 18-year-old, Christian Aboriginal girl from King Georges Sound, Western Australia.

1864 - The wonderful artist David Davies was pupped at Ballarat.
Go ogle some of his beautiful works.

1879 - The Geelong Railway Line (Vic) opened from the old-no-longer-in-existence- Queenscliff Junction to Queenscliff.

1896 - Radiologist Frederick John Clendinnen purchased his first X-ray apparatus from W. Watson in Melbourne for £5 13s. 9d.; he is acknowledged to be the first medical man in Melbourne to take an X-ray photograph of a patient.

1897 - Charles Hines was hanged at Maitland Gaol for the rape of his thirteen-year-old stepdaughter Mary Emily Hayne.

1906 - Aussies extended a warm welcome to the training Japanese Naval Squadron that popped in for a visit  - we weren't at each others throats...yet - until the Japanese-Russo War sparked the California School Board Crisis and we were told to stop playing and sharing our toys with the Japanese.

1912 – The steamship SS Koombana sank off Port Hedland during a cyclone killing the 126 passengers.

1922 - The Empire Settlement Act enabled the intake of large numbers of British immigrants. Over 200,000 assisted settlers arrived in Australia between 1922 and 1929.

1928 - John Sumpter Milner was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the rape and murder of 11-year-old Ivy Lewis at Darkan.

1930 - The ever shy and retiring little poppet *cough cough*, Malcolm Fraser, 22nd PM of Oz, was spawned in the Bunyip patch.

1948 - Brit pop warbler Leo Sayer, who now calls Australia home, was found in the munchkin patch.

1953 - The Advertiser announced that the first publication of its boys' magazine, the Eagle,  was on sale for ninepence. It was 'designed to capture the imagination of boys and satisfy their zest for adventure, their love of sport and their interest in the scientific marvels of the day'. It was claimed that the magazine conformed to the standards expected by parents and teachers.

1965 - The North Fitzroy to Northcote Loop rail line (Vic) was closed.

1968 -  Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi visited Australia.

1969 -  Union leader Clarrie O'Shea was released after six days in Pentridge Prison. The leader of the Victorian Tramways union had been jailed for contempt by Justice Kerr of the Industrial Commission after refusing to provide union accounts following non-payment of fines. It was later revealed that O'Shea's $8000 fines had been paid by Opera house lottery winner Dudley McDougall, in order to prevent a major industrial confrontation.

1970 - The Yellow House opened in Potts Point, Sydney. The innovative 'multimedia' space included an exhibition of artwork by Martin Sharp, a sound system by UBU's Aggy Read, films by Read and Philip Noyce, and tapdancing by "Little Nell" aka Laura Campbell (daughter of Sunday Telegraph columnist Ross Campbell and future star of The Rocky Horror Show).

1977 - Of the four proposals put to voters at this referendum, only three were carried. These related to Senate casual vacancies, giving residents of the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory the right to vote in constitutional elections, and retirement of federal judges. The rejected fourth proposal related to the introduction of simultaneous elections.

1980 - A man began shooting in a corridor in the Supreme Court of Victoria, where he killed three (including the brother-in-law of Mother Theresa) and wounded two others. He only stopped shooting when he ran out of bullets, and he was tackled by a bystander outside the court.

1982 - The first issue of The Star incorporating the Melbourne Star and the Sydney Star was published.

1987 - ACON launched the Safety Pin – an easily recognisable safe sex symbol.

1989 - 2,000 people led by the Premier, Nick Greiner, walked through Sydney to raise $40,000 for AIDS research.

1993 - Clover Moore’s anti-vilification legislation was defeated after a second reading in the NSW Upper House.

1999 – Eight decaying bodies were found in barrels in a disused bank vault north of Adelaide, marking the beginning of the Snowtown murders case.

2000 - The Airport Railway Line (NSW of course, Vic has not yet evolved to that level) was opened.

2002 - The NSW Council for Civil Liberties and the Redfern Legal Centre launched an SMS alert service, a key feature of which is

2003 - The NSW Legislative Assembly voted in favour of a lower age of consent for gay males in the Crimes (Sexual Offences Amendment Bill).

2003 - The NSW Upper House accepted the equal age of consent legislation with a number of child protection amendments.

2008 - Milton Orkopoulos (50), the former New South Wales state minister for Aboriginal affairs, was jailed for nearly 14 years on child sex and drugs charges.

2011 - : A medical centre in Bondi Junction was ordered by the NSW Supreme Court to pay almost $300,000 in damages to a man who was infected with HIV after his former female partner was wrongly given the all-clear by a doctor. The man would not have contracted the virus if the centre’s administration staff had updated his then-partner’s contact details and sent a recall letter to her current address.

2013 - Microsoft Corp. said it is expanding its services for hosting and processing online data in Australia with the establishment of two new "cloud" computing data centers in the country.