Thursday, September 3, 2015

September 3 On This Day in Australian History

1809 - The Sydney Gazette reported that Bundle and Tedbury menaced a man named Tunks near Parramatta. Tedbury had been involved in several similar attacks.

1835 - J.H. Wedge wrote to John Batman, stating "that when on his arrival at the encampment, he found Mr. Aitkens, & Mr. Thomson connected to Mr. Fawkner, with in the limits described in our Deeds and they intent to persist in holding possession of our domain" ..I have told them that as we have purchased the land, and in part paid for it" Wedge was greatly concerned that he believed John Batman and his brother Henry, an advocate for using force, or instigating the (Sydney) Natives to molest them, formerly I think would be a bad police, because it would afford the Government a pretext for interfering, & of not confirming our arrangements with the natives" Wedge was well aware, Batman history when working for Governor Arthur and private businessmen in Van Diemens land, Wedge wrote "Under these circumstances I think it would be well for the proprietors to meet & discuss the proper steps to be taken, as suggested in Wedge letter to Mr.Simpson (3/9/1835) "I think it would be as well to offer them our assistance in negotiating a treaty with the natives".

1840 - The Australian newspaper reported that one “alert and sagacious” Aboriginal tracker together with Magistrate of Wollombi David Dunlop, pursued the Tunnel Gang for several hours through ravines and over precipices on foot where horses could not go until about eight miles off the northern road all tracks failed.

1878 - The Dunolly to Bealiba railway line (Vic) opened.

1880 - Four lives were lost when the three-masted wooden ship Eric the Red was wrecked about two miles out to sea in a south-easterly direction from the Cape Otway Lighthouse.

1880 - The Duke of Manchester arrived in South Australia on board the ship Sorata.

1855 - All property of the Sydney Railway Company was transferred to the New South Wales government.

1878 - The Main South Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Junee - Bomen.

1883 - The Benalla to St. James Railway line (Vic) opened.

1885 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened between Byrock - Bourke.

1894 - The Cambus Wallace was a 75 m iron hulled steamer, carrying a load of whiskey and dynamite. It ran aground off Jumpinpin, the narrow neck of sand that joined North and South Stradbroke Islands. The ship began to break apart, six crew members were drowned, and much of the cargo was washed up on the sand. During the cleanup afterwards, the explosives were piled in a hollow between the sand dunes and detonated, blowing several craters in the sand and destabilising the dune structure in an explosion that was heard as far away as Cleveland. This was the first of two events which caused the island to be broken into North and South.

1901 - The new Australian flag flew for the first time from the top of the Exhibition Building in Melbourne.

1926 – The Canberra Times was first published.

1928 - Clifford Hulme was hanged at Fremantle Prison for the shooting murder of his employer Harold Smith.

1932 - For Sir Sidney Kidman's 75th birthday his employees put on a rodeo in Adelaide, which was attended by nearly fifty thousand people.

1932 - A 4.5 magnitude earthquake, centred at Mornington, Vic, was felt widely across Melbourne, Geelong, Mornington Peninsula, Westernport Bay and Gippsland. Minor damage. Largest earthquake along the infamous Selwyn Fault since the 5.5 magnitude quake of 1855 which occurred a few kilometres offshore Cape Schanck.

1939 - Australian Prime Minister, Robert Gordon Menzies, announced that Australia was at war with Germany.

1954 - The Piangil to Yungera (Vic) rail passenger service ended.

1972 - Mr Kep Enderby, Member of the House of Representatives, gave a notice of motion stating, ‘that this house is of the opinion that the lawns in front of Parliament House should always remain available to the people of Australia for the purpose of peaceful assembly to demonstrate political points of view in a manner of their own choice and that no limit should be placed on the duration of such assembly’.

1972 - Swimmer Shane Gould won a total of five medals in the Munich Olympics.

1984 - The Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 brought the Cummeragunja people a step closer to ownership by making provision for reserved lands to be transferred free-hold to local Aboriginal land councils. Under this Act the title deeds for the former reserve passed to its people this day through the newly created Yorta Yorta Land Council.

1993 - The Last rail passenger service to Mildura (Vic).

1997 - The Parramatta Correctional Centre shut up shop after 155 years.

1999 - Up to 40,000 Queenslanders living in remote and rural regions of outback Queensland were able to get a second commercial television service, as a result of an ATSIC initiative. ATSIC Commissioners Ray Robinson and Ian Delaney said on this day the extension of Imparja’s TV service to eleven remote and rural centres in Western Queensland was a ‘direct result’ of ATSIC’s funding for the new service.

2001 - The Australian Defence Force commenced Operation Relex to interdict vessels carrying asylum seekers. Between September and December 2001, 13 asylum seeker boats tried and failed to reach Australia’s migration zone: four were intercepted by the Navy and forced back to Indonesia; five were held in custody then immediately sent to Nauru; two were sent to Christmas Island and then Nauru; one was sent to Christmas Island and then Papua New Guinea; and one was the SIEV X, which sank.

2003 - Claims that radio broadcaster 2UE presenters John Laws and Steve Price’s comments about the openly gay stars of the Channel 9 program The Block would ‘incite the reasonable listener to hatred’ were heard in the Administrative Decisions Tribunal.

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

September 2 On This Day in Australian History

1805 The Sydney Gazette reported that 200 warriors plundered the farm of James Wiltshire at Lane Cove and tied up the servants before they were ‘dispersed’ by gunfire.

1824 - Settlement founded by Oxley at Redcliffe.

1835 - J.H.Wedge warned that the new settlers are trespassing on land bought by Batman from the Aborigines.

1840 - Explorer John Eyre wasn't a happy chappy when he named Mt Hopeless in South Australia in despair at the seemingly never-ending salt lakes.

1852 - Eugene von Guerard, artist, noted in his diary for this date; "One hears quite often of diggers disappearing suddenly, and long afterwards their corpses are found at the bottom of shafts into which they had fallen and been drowned in the mud. Among my new neighbours are several Chinamen who are thriving as butchers. They are frequent customers at my store, but can’t speak a word of any language but their own, so all our dealings are done by sign."

1873 - Lily Poulett-Harris was dropped off by the stork; she was an Australian sportswoman and educationalist, notable for being the founder and captain of the first women's cricket team in Australia, the Oyster Cove Ladies' Cricket Club, in 1894.

1884 - The Main Western Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Nyngan - Nyngan Junction, and from Nyngan Junction - Byrock.

1887 - The railway line from Brighton Beach to Sandringham (Vic) opened.

1899 - Queensland held a referendum on the constitution for the first time.

1901 - The Brewarrna Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Jct (Byrock) - Brewarrina.

1904 - The first Australian Open golf tournament was held at the Australian Golf Club at Rosebery, Sydney.

1905 - The Hobart GPO was opened at 10 p.m., when the Inspector of Public Buildings ordered the barriers which held back a large crowd of people be removed. A race ensued to determine who should be the first person to post a letter at the new Hobart General Post Office.

1922 - Best poet, playwright, humourist and storyteller since Shakespeare, Henry Lawson fell off the twig. Lawson became the first person in NSW to be granted a State funeral as a 'distinguished citizen' rather than a politician. Although much of his writing was acclaimed, Lawson suffered from a lack of funds, depression and alcoholism. He spent time in Darlinghurst Gaol between 1905 and 1909 for drunkeness and non-payment of alimony.

1927 - Mr S A Hanscombe Headmaster of Liverpool Public School sent a memorandum to the Inspector of Schools at Penrith on the subject of the enrolment of a band of Gipsies at Liverpool School. In his memorandum Mr Hanscombe stated that they [the band of Gipsies] expect to camp at Liverpool, for two months, all claim to be Australian born. He reported that he admitted eight children, listing them by name and age, although noting that in some case they appeared to be older than the age stated. He reported that they were all making efforts to master reading and writing. As he added, ‘I send this information so that you will be aware of the facts’.

1928 – St Mary's Cathedral opened in Sydney after 60 years of construction (you don't want to rush those gargoyles).

1939 - Prime Minister Robert Menzies broadcast a warning to the nation that the danger of war existed.

1957 – President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam became the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.

1968 - The Council for Aboriginal Affairs was established.

1972 - A Fundraising Party in aid of the CAMP Ink was held at 393 Darling Street, Balmain.

1983 - The CDC publish their first set of recommended precautions for health care workers and allied health professionals designed to prevent the transmission of AIDS.

1984 - During a shoot out between rival gangs ( Bandidos and the Comancheros ) outside a bar in Sydney, Australia in what was called the "Milperra Massacre" 6 gang members were killed and a young innocent girl selling raffle tickets was caught in the crossfire and murdered, while 28 others were injured.

1984 - The Victorian Premier, John Cain (Jnr), opened the first stage of the Loy Yang Power Station near Traralgon in the Latrobe Valley.

1988 - The Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), located at the Paul Wild Observatory near Narrabri, is a set of six 22-m diameter dishes ('antennas') for collecting radio waves from space and is the only telescope of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere. It was officially opened on this day by The Little Aussie Weeper himself, PM Bob Hawke.

1995 - The Sydney Star Observer was published weekly from this date.

1998 - The Barossa & Light Herald, Tanunda, South Australia, became a free paper.

1999 - The Archbishop of the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane, The Most Reverend Peter Hollingworth, launched a policy for Anglican schools across Queensland called “Partners in Indigenous Education”. The policy was launched at West Moreton Anglican College.

1999 - The State Government announced funding of $80,000 for a drug, tobacco and alcohol education campaign targeting young people in remote parts of Queensland and Indigenous communities. Health Minister, Wendy Edmond, announced the Government would commit $50,000 and sponsor the 1999 100% In Control Croc Eisteddfod Festival.

2000 - The Gwabegar Rail Line (NSW) was opened from Kandos - Rylstone, from Rylstone - Mudgee, and from Mudgee - Gulgong.

2003 - Victorian Governor John Landy launched Melbourne’s first Aboriginal Cultural Centre to celebrate the living culture of the Koorie people.

2007 - The first extension tests on the Glenelg Tram. Flexity 104 and H class 351 and 367 were used. 104 ran with no problems but 351 and 367 made contact with the median strip on North Terrace rounding the curve from King William Street.

2010 - PM Julia Gillard edged closer to retaining power when an independent lawmaker said he would support her center-left Labor Party to form Australia's first minority government in almost seven decades.